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ABB ELECTRIC POWER FOR NEW ICELANDIC FERRY

Wednesday, February 13, 2019 

ABB has been contracted to supply integrated power and electric storage solutions to a new electric ferry for the Icelandic Road and Coastal Administration that will take 3,600 annual trips in the rough waters between Landeyjahöfn on the mainland and the Westman Island, covering 13 km in about 45 minutes.

The 70m long ferry, with a capacity of 550 passengers and 75 cars, is designed by Polarkonsult and is due for delivery from the Crist SA shipyard in 2019. The vessel will feature a 3000kWh battery pack and is designed to operate in a fully electric mode for most of time, with onshore charging in both harbours. During particularly challenging weather conditions, when the consumption of battery power may exceed the available energy, the ferry will use a diesel-electric genset.

It will replace the 1992-built MF Herjólfur in line with Iceland’s incentives to promote electric transportation. With 80% of Iceland’s energy coming from non-fossil resources, led by hydropower and geothermal energy, the newbuild vessel will be well positioned to support Iceland’s sustainability goals.

“Opting for ABB’s electric solutions allows the vessel to meet design constraints that initially seem in conflict: it is optimized for cleaner operation and reduced greenhouse gas emissions, whilst power is sufficient to navigate some very hazardous waters safely,” said Sigurdur Gretarsson, Director of Maritime Division, Icelandic Road and Coastal Administration.

ABB’s Onboard DC Grid power distribution system will allow the batteries to connect directly to the DC link, which helps avoids losses of power during charging and discharging. Additionally, the system can allow for variable speed operation of the diesel engines, which results in reduced fuel consumption.

The scope of ABB supply includes generators, transformers, switchboards, the Power and Energy Management System and the Energy Storage Control System. The ferry will be connected to ABB Ability Collaborative Centers Infrastructure, which enables remote technical support, predictive maintenance and planned interventions. A 2,500kW ABB shore power connection will recharge the battery while the ferry is in the dock, taking an average 30 minutes to recharge.

“Selection of ABB’s technologies for a vessel operating on such a tough route, where the water depth is sometimes limited to 4.5m, but wave heights can reach 3.5m, sets a new benchmark for battery power on board a ship,” said Juha Koskela, MD ABB Marine & Ports.  “In line with our vision for electric, digital and connected shipping, this project demonstrates how system integration – whether on board the ship or between the ship’s crew and shoreside expertise – is a key success factor for vessel management.”

The new ferry will not only reduce the environmental impact, but also improve the regularity of the connection. Previously, during rough weather, the ferry operating the route would travel to an alternative harbour to dock safely, extending the sailing time from 45 minutes to close to 3 hours and causing motion sickness in passengers. The new ferry will be able to enter the destination harbour in challenging weather conditions most of the time, with the rare exception of particularly rough seas.

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